VIKINGS na atualidade
(VALHALA: na mitologia nórdica ou escandinava é o local onde os guerreiros vikings eram recebidos após terem morrido, com honra, em batalha. Referência, banda LED ZEPPELIN, ‘Immigrant song’. No século XI, o bastardo rei franco-normando William, o conquistador que, na incrível batalha de Hastings, 1066, conseguiu derrotar o exército do anglo-saxão King Harold. Inaugura então quase 300 anos em que a língua da aristocracia na Inglaterra era o francês. Até hoje esses reflexos são sentidos, como por exemplo nos vocábulos PORK (origem da língua francesa, alimento) e PIG(origem anglo-saxã, animal sujo, fedorento). O texto abaixo mostra um pouco dessa sangrenta história e de tais encontros e batalhas, enjoy)
site interessante com a história da língua inglesa: http://www.sk.com.br/sk-enhis.html
Archaeologists find skulls on route of new road .
• Remains in Dorset burial pit may be 2,000 years old
• Theories include battle with Romans or epidemic
The burial pit filled with skulls at Ridgeway Hill, near Weymouth in Dorset. Photograph: Dorset county council
The skulls of scores of young men have been found in a burial pit on the route of a new road in Dorset.
So far 45 skulls, believed to be almost 2,000 years old, have been found, and more may be found as the pit is emptied. Archaeologists have called the discovery extraordinary, saying it could be evidence of a disaster, a mass execution, a battle or possibly an epidemic.
The bones recovered so far are still being examined but most appear to be of young men, and are believed to date back to the late iron age or early Roman period. They may be evidence of a fatal encounter between the invaders and the local population, buried at a site which had ritual significance for thousands of years before they died.
David Score, project manager for Oxford Archaeology, said: “There are lots of different types of burial where skeletons may be aligned along a compass axis or in a crouched position, but to find something like this is just incredible.
“We’re still working on carefully recording and recovering all of the skeletons, which will be taken back to our offices in Oxford for detailed analysis, and trying to piece together the extraordinary story behind these remains.”
As well as the skulls, the archaeologists found torso and leg bones buried in separate sections of the pit.
“It’s very early days, but so far, after a visit to the site by our head of burial services, the skulls appear to be predominantly those of young men,” Score said.
“At the moment we don’t fully understand how or why the remains have come to be deposited in the pit but it seems highly likely that some kind of catastrophic event such as war, disease or execution has occurred.”
The Oxford team completed the main excavation at Ridgeway Hill last year, uncovering a series of earlier burials, including cremated remains, skeletons and a man buried with a dagger under a round barrow. This year they had been monitoring the site as roadworks began, but the discovery a fortnight ago, was a complete surprise.
Construction work has stopped, the site has been fenced off and is under 24-hour security, and Dorset county council has appealed to the public to stay away and let the archaeologists get on with their work.
The pit is on the outskirts of Weymouth, where a new relief road is being built, but stands by one of the oldest roads in Europe, the Ridgeway. The site was used for ritual burials for thousands of years before the young men died: the archaeologists had already found burials from neolithic to Roman times, as well as pottery, animal bones and flint tools.